In Paris, Picasso’s talent was almost immediately recognized, and he became a favorite of Americans Leo and Gertrude Stein who had become important collectors in Paris. Under the patronage of Gertrude Stein, Picasso was introduced to many other collectors, and at 25 he had already become a celebrity in Parisian scene. With this celebrity, came financial success.
Not surprising the paintings of this period became more optimistic and colorful. Because of the his use of reds and rose colors, this period has been called the Rose Period (1904-06).
In the history of art, few paintings can really be termed “monumental.” In 1907 before his 27th birthday, Picasso painted one such painting. Les Demoiselles d’ Avignon shocked Picasso’s art friends and the art world in general. It was the painting that launched Cubism and thrust Picasso in the forefront of contemporary artists. To learn more about Les Demoiselles visit 100GreatestPaintngs.com.
Cubism dominated his art until the First World War. Since Cubism was associated with German influence, its collector popularity dwindled. Always the entrepreneur, Picasso painted neo-classical images that found appeal in post World War France. As neo-classical work drifted out of popularity, Picasso became active in Surrealism, the new art craze that dominated the European aesthetic of the 1920’s.
In the 1930’s and until his death in 1973, Picasso became a movement unto himself. Without a popular label, they may be called “Modern Grotesque.” These paintings combine all of the modern elements of cubism and surrealism with a bit of El Greco formalism.